Unit Testing & Code Coverage

 * @brief PageRank test for shared library advanced interface
 * @file test_lib_pr.h

TEST(sharedlibrary, pagerank) {

  int num_nodes = 7, num_edges = 26;
  int row_offsets[8]  = {0, 3, 6, 11, 15, 19, 23, 26};
  int col_indices[26] = {1, 2, 3, 0, 2, 4, 0, 1, 3, 4, 5, 0, 2,
                         5, 6, 1, 2, 5, 6, 2, 3, 4, 6, 3, 4, 5};

  int   *top_nodes = new int  [num_nodes];
  float *top_ranks = new float[num_nodes];

  double elapsed =  pagerank(num_nodes, num_edges, row_offsets, 
                 col_indices, 1, top_nodes, top_ranks); 

  double nodes[7] = {2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 1, 6};
  double scores[7] = {0.186179, 0.152261, 0.152261, 0.151711,
    0.119455, 0.119455, 0.118680};

  for (int node = 0; node < num_nodes; ++node) {
    EXPECT_EQ(top_nodes[node], nodes[node])
      << "Node indices differ at node index " << node;
    EXPECT_NEAR(top_ranks[node], scores[node], 0.0000005)
      << "Scores differ at node index " << node;

  delete[] top_nodes; top_nodes = NULL;
  delete[] top_ranks; top_ranks = NULL;


Recommended Read: Introduction: Why Google C++ Testing Framework?

When writing a good test, we would like to cover all possible functions (or execute all code lines), what I will recommend to do is write a simple test, run code coverage on it, and use codecov.io to determine what lines are not executed. This gives you a good idea of what needs to be in the test and what you are missing.

What is code coverage?

Code coverage is a measurement used to express which lines of code were executed by a test suite. We use three primary terms to describe each lines executed.

  • hit indicates that the source code was executed by the test suite.
  • partial indicates that the source code was not fully executed by the test suite; there are remaining branches that were not executed.
  • miss indicates that the source code was not executed by the test suite.

Coverage is the ratio of hits / (hit + partial + miss). A code base that has 5 lines executed by tests out of 12 total lines will receive a coverage ratio of 41% (rounding down).

Below is an example of what lines are a hit and a miss; you can target the lines missed in the tests to improve coverage.

Example CodeCov Stats

Example Test Using GoogleTest

  1. Create a test_<test-name>.h file and place it in the appropriate directory inside /path/to/gunrock/unittests/. I will be using test_pr_lib.h as an example.

  2. In the tests/test_unittests.cu file, add your test file as an include: #include "test_lib_pr.h".

  3. In your test_<test-name>.h file, create a TEST() function, which takes two parameters: TEST(<nameofthesuite>, <nameofthetest>).

  4. Use EXPECT and ASSERT to write the actual test itself. I have provided a commented example below:

  5. Now when you run the binary called unit_test, it will automatically run your test suite along with all other google tests as well. This binary it automatically compiled when gunrock is built, and is found in /path/to/builddir/bin/unit_test.

Final Remarks: